Viernes Feministas: Conversaciones sobre Migración Laboral desde una Perspectiva Feminista

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Únete a esta serie de diálogos que comienzan el próximo 23 de abril, una iniciativa colaborativa Asociación para los Derechos de las Mujeres y el Desarrollo (AWID por sus siglas en inglés), Focus on Labour Exploitation (FLEX), la Alianza Global contra la Trata de Mujeres (GAATW por sus siglas en inglés), Solidarity Center y Women in Migration Network (WIMN por sus siglas en inglés).

Durante el transcurso de seis sesiones, reflexionaremos sobre cuestiones complejas, construiremos/compartiremos conocimientos y aprenderemos unxs de otrxs. Comenzaremos con un debate sobre “qué es una perspectiva feminista sobre la migración laboral” y luego pasaremos a la investigación, la incidencia, la organización y los medios de comunicación feministas. La última sesión versará sobre la imaginación de futuros feministas en la migración laboral. Lxs panelistas vendrán del mundo académico y de las ONGs, incluidas organizaciones dirigidas por trabajadoras migrantes, sindicatos y medios de comunicación.

La migración laboral, dentro y a través de las fronteras nacionales, es parte de las experiencias vividas de muchas mujeres y hombres en el mundo actual. En 2017, la OIT estimó que había 164 millones de trabajadorxs migrantes internacionales: 96 millones de hombres y 68 millones de mujeres. Según UN/DESA, antes del inicio de la COVID-19, el número de migrantes internacionales había llegado a 281 millones. Esto estaba en consonancia con la tendencia ascendente de la migración internacional durante más de dos décadas. Si bien la mayoría de los países no documentan la migración laboral dentro de sus fronteras nacionales, hay suficiente evidencia para concluir que el número de trabajadorxs que migran de áreas rurales a urbanas e industrializadas dentro de sus propios países también ha aumentado en las últimas décadas. Y a pesar de las interrupciones creadas por la COVID-19, las personas continúan moviéndose dentro y fuera de las fronteras.


Haz click aquí para acceder al documento completo sobre esta serie de presentaciones y conversaciones 

Haz click aquí para registrate (por el momento el formulario está en inglés)


Sesiones “Viernes Feministas”

Sesión 1: Nuestro punto de partida: ¿Qué es exactamente un enfoque feminista de la migración laboral?
23 de abril de 2021, 1 PM GMT

Lxs expertxs de la migración han hablado de la “feminización de la migración laboral” y existe un consenso de que la migración es un fenómeno generizado. ¿Qué es una perspectiva feminista interseccional sobre la migración laboral? ¿Cómo y por qué difiere del concepto “tradicional” de la migración laboral?
Moderadoras: Marianne Mesfin Asfaw (Coordinadora Administrativa y de Logística, AWID) y Bandana Pattanaik (Coordinadora Internacional, GAATW)

Panelistas: Dra. Nicola Piper (Profesora de Migración Internacional y Directora Fundadora del Centro de Migración de Sydney Asia Pacífico en la Universidad de Sydney); Dra. Priya Deshingkar (Profesora de Migración y Desarrollo, Universidad de Sussex); Dra. Tanja Bastia (Profesora de Desarrollo Internacional, Universidad de Manchester) y Dra. Mary Boatemaa Setrana, Profesora Titular, Centro de Estudios sobre Migración (CMS), Universidad de Ghana.

Sesión 2: Investigación feminista sobre la migración laboral
14 de mayo de 2021, 1 PM GMT
La investigación feminista busca abordar las estructuras de poder desiguales, desafiar los discursos patriarcales dominantes y centrar las experiencias vividas por las mujeres. ¿Cuáles son las implicancias de llevar a cabo una investigación feminista, especialmente durante una pandemia? Utilizando ejemplos de la investigación-acción participativa feminista, esta sesión se centra en la creación de conocimientos sobre la migración laboral desde las bases.

Sesión 3: Escribir sobre la migración laboral desde una perspectiva feminista interseccional
4 de junio de 2021, 1 PM GMT
Las trabajadoras migrantes suelen aparecer en los medios de comunicación como víctimas de abusos. Como trabajadoras con salarios bajos en sectores que tienen protecciones de derechos limitadas, las trabajadoras migrantes experimentan abusos y violencia de género. Sin embargo, la migración también es una oportunidad para que las mujeres escapen de la violencia, enriquezcan su experiencia de vida, adquieran nuevas habilidades y se mantengan a sí mismas y a sus familias. ¿Cómo podemos documentar las experiencias vividas por las mujeres sin negarles su agencia? ¿Es posible demostrar que la vulnerabilidad y la agencia pueden coexistir en la misma historia de vida? ¿Qué ejemplos de auto representación tenemos por parte de las propias trabajadoras migrantes?

Sesión 4: ¿Cómo influye una perspectiva feminista en nuestra incidencia?
25 de junio de 2021, 1 PM GMT
Como han demostrado 2020 y 2021, las mujeres lideran movimientos de resistencia a nivel mundial. Las trabajadoras siempre han jugado un papel importante en el activismo de base, pero en los pasillos del poder permanecen invisibles. ¿Cómo aprovechamos nuestras fortalezas feministas para crear sistemáticamente mecanismos de políticas sensibles al género? ¿Qué estrategias de incidencia dirigidas a mejorar las políticas de migración laboral han tenido éxito y cuáles han fracasado? ¿Qué ofrece el Pacto Mundial para las Migraciones a las trabajadoras migrantes y cómo construimos un movimiento de incidencia de base hacia una agenda feminista interseccional para el Foro Internacional de Revisión de las Migraciones (IMRF) de 2022?

Sesión 5: Migración laboral y organización feminista interseccional
16 de julio de 2021, 1 PM GMT
La migración por motivos de trabajo lleva a mujeres (y hombres) a cruzar fronteras de diversos tipos. ¿Qué ejemplos de solidaridad a través de varias fronteras vemos en la práctica? ¿Puede el feminismo ayudarnos a construir solidaridades entre clases, castas, razas, etnias, ciudadanía, orientación sexual y ocupación? Si es así, ¿cómo? ¿De qué modo influimos en las estructuras sindicales para que sean más inclusivas e interseccionales y apoyen la organización de las personas migrantes? ¿Cómo apoyamos la agencia de las trabajadoras migrantes para que hagan ejercicio de sus derechos laborales? ¿Cuáles son las formas alternativas de organización en el lugar de trabajo para apoyar a las trabajadoras migrantes? ¿Cómo vinculamos los esfuerzos de organización laboral de trabajadorxs migrantes con otras formas de organización de base?

Sesión 6: Visualizando un futuro feminista en la migración laboral
6 de agosto de 2021, 1 PM GMT
Como ha demostrado la pandemia, el mundo depende del trabajo de las mujeres, ya sea en la salud, el cuidado de las personas adultas mayores y lxs niñxs o la agricultura. A medida que el mundo cambia su enfoque hacia la recuperación pospandémica, lxs defensorxs de la justicia social están pidiendo cambios estructurales. Nos preguntamos: si el mundo del trabajo está cambiando, ¿cuáles son las posibilidades de producir un mundo feminista? ¿Y cómo llegamos a eso? Como feministas, ¿qué cambios queremos ver en el ámbito de la migración laboral? ¿Tenemos ejemplos de donde esto ya está sucediendo? ¿Qué podemos hacer para hacer realidad nuestra visión? ¿Qué poder tenemos y qué nos da esperanza?

Para registrarse en la serie completa, o solo en algunas sesiones, por favor complete este formulario (versión en inglés) 

A Feminist Lens on Migration & Trade

On 9 April, 2021, Women in Migration Network and the Gender and Trade Coalition hosted an international webinar on global migration and trade — with a feminist lens! Thanks to all who participated in this dynamic session.

A video of the webinar can be viewed here.

An overview PDF by Liepollo Pheko can be downloaded here.

A description of the webinar and presenters can be seen below.

Global migration and global trade policies may seem very far from the experiences of migrant women around the globe, yet they directly impact migrant women’s lives. In the era of globalised economies, nations and corporations depend on a mobile labour force to meet labour demands while migration policies increasingly pose barriers to mobility that criminalize migrants. 

States have pushed for free trade of goods, services and capital while excluding dignified mobility for women and their families. Extractive industries and austerity programs push women from their home, while centres of low-wage industry as well as low wage service and agricultural jobs pull women to other countries, often working in hyper-exploitative situations.  Given the role women are often assigned as care givers (both paid and unpaid) in the global economy, migration and migrant women’s work is gendered and racialized.  

At this critical juncture in the COVID pandemic we explore how the pandemic, which made visible deep structural inequalities, offer a the opportunity for a bottom-up, women-centric approach to international trade and labour architecture. 

Speakers:

Lebohang Liepollo Pheko, Moderator, is Senior Research Fellow and political economist with the Trade Collective Think Tank and is currently a Lancet Commissioner on Reparations and Redistributive Justice. She represents the Women in Migration Network in the Gender and Trade Coalition Steering Committee and is a member of the Well Being Economy Alliance. Over the past 12 months she contributed extensively to framing intersectional policy alternatives that centre women in post-COVID economic recovery through various platforms.
 
Fatimah Kelleher is a Pan African feminist technical adviser/strategist engaged in feminist advocacy, research and advice. Fatimah has worked primarily on African transformational trajectories, with a focus on challenging economic and other development orthodoxies in particular. She is currently associated to Action Aid GB and is also a member of the NAWI collective.
 
Crecentia Mofokeng is a trade unionist working for the Building and Wood Workers International – BWI, as the Regional Representative for Africa and Middle East Region since 2001. She joined the trade union movement in 1980 and has represented BWI in various International & Regional conferences including ITUC – Africa, ILO, Global Forum on Migration and Development, UN Climate Change Conference, and the BRICS Trade Union Forum. Crecentia is responsible for developing several labour sectors including migration, decent work and women’s development.
 
Mariama Williams, Ph.D. was the Coordinator of the Sustainable Development, Climate Change and Gender Programme at the South Centre. She is a member of the Caribbean Feminist Action Network (CFAN), and a Director with the Institute of Law and Economics (ILE), Jamaica. Mariama was also a founder of the International Gender and Trade Network and is a steering committee member of DAWN. She is a feminist economist with over 20 years’ experience working on economic development, macroeconomic, trade external debt and finance issues, with a focus on gender equality and women’s empowerment, social equity, sustainable finance and development and climate change issues.

Our Message on International Women’s Day 2021

We call for a new social compact that guarantees social protection, labour rights and women’s human rights for all women in migration

Download a PDF of this statement here

On this International Women’s Day, the Women in Migration Network (WIMN) once more calls on states to take bold, transformative action as worldwide, we seek a safe, equitable and just recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic and the social and economic crises it has further fueled. Now is not the time to “return” to an unjust “normal”.

WIMN is a global, intersectional feminist human rights network that promotes women’s human rights at the center of all migration and development policy and migrants’ rights in feminist advocacy. We prioritize the interests of women in all their diversity and those of their families, in their various forms, who are affected by migration around the world.

More than a year into a global pandemic, the vaccine and a post-pandemic future are on the agenda. The crisis has exposed numerous systemic problems—including the informality in our economies, weak health care systems, lack of a social safety net, structural racism, gender discrimination, inhumane migration regimes and gaping inequalities between nations.

For migrant women, the past year’s crisis has exacerbated the trauma, instability and uncertainty in their lives and those of their families—and longterm consequences are yet to be seen.

More than ever, we need inclusive, rights-based and gender-responsive approaches including durable social protections in countries of origin, transit and destination; robust labor protection frameworks; gender sensitive, rights-based immigration systems; emergency responses that contribute to regenerative, sustainable economies, clear checks on corporate power; and stronger democratic institutions. As we begin to also turn our attention to addressing the world’s climate crisis, these commitments are also critical. 

Migrant women are concentrated in both “essential workers” and “disposable workers” groups impacted by the pandemic. While professionals may have moved into their homes and continued to work on-line (with women doing triple duty as workers, care-providers and educators), “essential workers” found themselves in dramatically different circumstances. Jobs in health care, cleaning, elder care, farm labour, transit, shipping warehouses and more may have continued, but often without decent wages, paid sick or medical leave, access to health care or adequate protective gear. As restaurants, markets and retail stores shut down, low wage service workers, many of them migrant women of color, found themselves without jobs and with no safety net. 

In some countries, migrant women work with bi-lateral labor contracts, such as domestic workers in the MENA region. When COVID-19 hit, they were suddenly without jobs, scrambling to return home even as borders were closed. Many were evicted from employers’ homes and left to fend for themselves without support; wage theft has been rampant. 

The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the many systemic problems that have hit especially hard on groups most marginalized by race, ethnicity and migration status. Public health systems have been gutted by years of austerity programmes, privatized health care is rarely accessible to these marginalized populations. The lack of health care, environmental racism, overcrowded housing and work in unhealthy and often dangerous jobs has long put communities of color and migrant communities at higher risk—and higher COVID-19 death rates in some nations give testimony to the effect of these inequities. 

On a global level, the gaping North/South divide and unequal global financial rules have left poorer nations scrambling to meet needs with limited external support.  An early call for debt forgiveness to low-income countries was met with debt postponement, merely delaying a deeper crisis. This has meant little fiscal space for poor nations to offer stimulus packages and provide much-needed assistance—and too often, such assistance is out of reach for migrants, especially the undocumented.

While the roll-out of vaccines is opening a window to the decline of the coronavirus pandemic, the production, distribution and access issues have starkly highlighted existing inequalities within and between nations. As of mid-February, there were 4.2 billion doses of vaccine for 16% of the world population and only 2.5 billion doses for 84% of the world population. And within developed nations, race, class and migration-status disparities are gravely apparent. In New York City, for example, some white neighborhoods reportedly had up to 8 times the vaccination rate of predominantly Black neighborhoods in early 2021.

WIMN supports the United Nations Network on Migration call for States to “guarantee rapid, fair, and equitable access to vaccines for all and the inclusion of migrants, regardless of their status in their national COVID-19 vaccination programmes and other public health interventions”.  

On International Women’s Day and beyond, we need permanent solutions that provide support and services to all, regardless of migration status, and that will close the gaps in protections that continue to exclude millions of migrants and undocumented migrants in particular.

Specifically, we call for a new social compact that guarantees social protection, labour rights and women’s human rights for all women in migration, regardless of status. 

  • Vaccines must be made available for all, regardless of status or ability to pay. Women, in particular, need permanent access to healthcare regardless of status or ability to pay, with strong investments in quality public health systems.
  • Labour rights and protections including decent pay, sick pay, and long-term medical leave must be assured for all, regardless of status, and particularly for so-called “essential” workers. Work that is disproportionately performed by migrant women requires robust labour and health protections.
  • Government at all levels must address racism and xenophobia, including social exclusion, violence against migrants and stigmatization of returned migrants, which has increased during the pandemic. This must go beyond “messaging” campaigns to include police training, legal accountability for hate crimes and investing in jobs, social protection and infrastructure. This includes addressing the digital divide experienced by migrant women and their families, as well as online digital harassment and violence.
  • The intersecting realities of migrant women—who experience racism, exclusion as a migrant, religious intolerance, rejection due to sexual orientation or identity—must be addressed in policies and practice to ensure that rights can be claimed by ALL women in migration.
  • We want programs and policies to address gender-based violence in all areas of migrant women’s lives, including institutional violence.
  • The pandemic border closures that have stranded migrants or forced returns must be ended just as we urge the regularization of status of migrants working in destination countries and increased pathways for regular migration. We oppose “vaccine passports” that will further institutionalize inequalities across nation, gender, race and migratory status.
  • Migrants must urgently be released from detention in the context of the pandemic, and states must end policies of criminalization, detention and deportation of migrants, securitization and barring of asylum and refugees.
  • Migrant women are vital change agents and we can learn from and financially support the models of mutual aid and solidarity they have built during the pandemic.
  • Women must be at the center of decision-making—with their diverse roles as providers, care givers, home keepers, and essential workers in both the formal and informal economy, women, including LGBTQI women, understand how the crisis impacts their diverse families, community and workplace and must be heard.

As the world enters the second year of the global health crisis and we begin to see glimpses of an end to the pandemic, we can draw on lessons learned, on the many acts of solidarity and goodwill, to defeat the scourge of hate, fear and divisiveness and commit to a better, more inclusive and transformed world.

Graphic courtesy of Alianza Americas and Presente.  Artwork by Favianna Rodriguez courtesy of Presente.

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wimninfo@womeninmigration.org

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